Jewish Heritage in Belgrade
The first mentioning of Hebrew people in Belgrade dates back in sixteen century, but we believe that they use to live much earlier then we have written evidences. You will hear about Ashkenazi Jews and Sephardic Jews, about their common life in Belgrade, their work and how they got mass killed in the World War the Second by the hand of Nazi Germans and about terrifying concentration camps where many Jews ended their lives on territory of Belgrade.
Some of the things that you will see are building which are connected to famous “Serbians of Moses religion” -the way that Jews use to call themselves, you will hear the stories about the passion of the Hebrew people and see the places where they got killed, and also Hebrew cemetery and some monuments which keep remembering on their suffering during the 20th century.
We offer walking tour in Belgrade with visiting Dorcol, Jewish Museum, Jewish cemetery and Belgrade Synagogue. Second options is visiting Novi Sad , Subotica or any other city in Serbia where you have interest in Jewish Heritage ...
The Tours schedule and routes are Flexible. The most important thing is respond to the wishes of tourists. Just e-maill us where you want to go and when and we will customise this tour exactly how you want it.
Jewish Street and Dorcol
Belgrade’s Jewish quarter was in the historic Dorcol neighbourhood, near the Danube. It was a well known trading centre, with many markets and traders of different nationalities. Dorcol main street, Jevrejska Ulica (Jewish Street), still exists, though there is little specifically Jewish about the area today. A Moorish style synagogue was built there in 1908, designed by Milan Kapetanovic. (King Peter I of Serbia had laid the foundation stone, attesting to the stature of the Jewish community at that time.) It was torched in 1941, and today the site is occupied by the Fresco Gallery, which bears a memorial plaque.
Jewish Historical Museum founded in 1948 is the only in the whole region. Apart from museum collection, it also preserves a large archive. Museum is located on the first floor of the building of the Jewish Community Belgrade, in the very centre of the city. The building was designed in 1928 by the architect Samuel Sumbul, for the needs of the then Jewish Sephardic Community.
Jewish cemetery covers the former Ashkenazi and Sephardi cemeteries that are located on the edge of funeral complex called Novo Groblje or New Cemetery. The Sephardic cemetery is by far the larger of the two. It is well maintained and has many fine tombs, some of which display photos of the deceased. Gravestones bear inscriptions in several languages – Serbian, German, Hebrew, Ladino, Hungarian – testimony to the diversity of Serbian Jewry. There is an impressive Holocaust monument, erected in 1952 and designed by Bogdan Bogdanovic (who also designed the memorial at Jasenovic, Croatia), as well as earlier memorials to Jewish victims of the various Balkan Wars and the First World War. There is also a Shemos plot (buried cache of used sacred books) marked with a distinctive tombstone in a prominent place in the cemetery. The Ashkenazi cemetery, on the other side of the street, is much smaller, with about 200 gravestones.
Belgrade Synagogue Sukkat Shalom
Before World War II, Belgrade had three synagogues; only one remains. This is an imposing but simple Ashkenazic synagogue, designed by Milan Schlang and erected in 1925 behind a gated wall in a good-sized yard. It was used as a military brothel by the Nazis. Today it is well maintained and used for regular services.
Novi Sad Synagogue
Most Jewish heritage sites in Serbia are in Vojvodina, the region north of Belgrade that long formed part of Hungary and the Austro-Hungarian Empire and where Jewish cemeteries and/or synagogues existed in as many as 80 locations before World War II. Today, some of the synagogue buildings that remain – such as the grand structures at Novi Sad and Subotica – are protected monuments.
The Synagogue in Subotica is one of the most impressive Art Nouveau synagogues in central Europe and forms part of the Art Nouveau complex of the town center and outlying Palic park. Built in 1902, it was designed by the Budapest-based architects Marcel Komor and Dezso Jakab who originally submitted a similar design as their entry in the competition for the Great Synagogue in nearby Szeged (the competition was won by Lipot Baumhorn)..