What is interesting for Russian tourist to see in Belgrade and Serbia?
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What is interesting for Russian tourist to see in Belgrade and Serbia?

After the October revolution about 50,000 Russian refugees that were against Bolshevism fled to Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and many stayed in its capital city – Belgrade and Serbia. They were predominantly from Russia's educated classes, and were known as white émigrés.

Russian white émigrés in general have invested all their experience, talent and knowledge and have given Serbia invaluable services. The examples are numerous. Many of the beautiful government buildings are the work of talented Russian engineers. Russian professors have published a lot of books, organized classes and sphere education in Serbia. The Institute of Mechanical Engineering of the Serbian Academy of Sciences was later named in honor of V.V. Formakovsky. Aleksandar Ignjatovski was a founder of the Medical Faculty, and a dean of the faculty in the 1929 and 1930. From 1920 to 1941, more than seventy Russian professors taught in the six faculties at the University of Belgrade, and eleven of them became full members and corresponding members of the Serbian Academy of Sciences. Russian Émigrés also established the Belgrade Opera and Ballet.

In Belgrade white émigrés left many landmarks from which the most popular is, of course, Russian church, or Church of Holy Trinity in Tašmajdan park. Built in 1924, it is the resting place for famous White guard general Vrangel, and a sacred place dedicated to the last Romanovs. In this church is part of the scarf which belonged to the last Tzareyevich Aleksey, which was made by his sisters.

Russian church, or Church of Holy Trinity in Tašmajdan park

Built in 1924 according to the plans of Russian émigré architect Valery Stashevsky and was meant mainly for refugees from Soviet Russia   /   More about Russian church

Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel in Belgrade


Pyotr Nikolaevich Wrangel was a Russian general and political leader. In 1922, he moved to the Serbia and Belgrade. Wrangel died in Brussels on 25 April 1928. His family believed that he had been poisoned by a Soviet agent. A year later, his body was brought to Belgrade, where in a solemn public ceremony it was re-interred in the Russian church in Belgrade, in accordance with his wishes.

Baron Wrangel

His grave is in the Russian church in Belgrade   /   More about Pyotr Wrangel

Russian engineers and architects in Belgrade


If you mention Nikolai Krasnov, most of the Belgrade residents will know its name, and for a good reason. He is the most popular Russian architect in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. His most popular works are Government of Republic of Serbia, Ministry of International Affairs of Serbia, Archive of Serbia, Royal Court in Dedinje ....
Among his most famous work is the Livadia Palace, later the location of the 1945 Yalta Conference.
The master plan of Belgrade, which received an award at the Paris Exposition, was drafted by the Russian engineer and architect Y.P. Kovalevsky.

Nikolai Krasnov on Serbian post stamps

Commemorative postage stamps are issued by the PE Post of Serbia to mark 150th anniversary of the birth of Nikolai Krasnov   /   More about Nikolai Krasnov

Ružica Orthodox Church in Belgrade fortress


The old church was renovated in 1925 by Russian architect Nikolai Krasnov and the interior of the Ružica church was decorated by the Russian painter Andrei Bicenko. The Church is located in a building which in the 18th century originally served as a gunpowder store. When the fortress passed into Serbian hands in 1867-69 it was converted into an army church. It is one of the most unusual churches on the planet, example of so-called war art with symbolism entirely connected to the World War I.

Ružica Church

Destroyed church converted to military magazine for the Turks. Nikolai Krasnov and Andrei Bicenko renovated church in 1925   /  

Painter Stepan Fedorovitch Kolesnikoff


Famous Russian painter Stepan Fedorovitch Kolesnikoff was living and working in Belgrade after the First World War. His most famous work in Belgrade is the ceiling of the National theather in the Republic square. His grave is on the Belgrade New Cemetery.

Kolesnikoff 1919

Stepan Fedorovitch Stepan Fedorovitch Kolesnikoff, was a distinguished Realist painter.   /  

Russian Émigrés established the Belgrade Opera and Ballet.


Besides Belgrade, Russians left their mark in other Serbian cities, such are Novi Sad, and Sremski Karlovci. Marina Olenina worked in Belgrade as a member of the Belgrade ballet group, until the Second World War. After the war, she went to Novi Sad, and there she founded Ballet of the Serbian National Theatre. Her work during 1950s was very important for the ballet scene in Serbia.

Marina Olenina monument in Novi Sad

From 2007 best bellet artists are awarded with the Marina Olenina award.   /  

Russian's in Sremski Karlovci


The headquarters of the White Army under the command of General Wrangel was located in Sremski Karlovci. The home for the Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church, with metropolitan Antonie as the head of it was also in Sremski Karlovci.

General Wrangel and Metropolitan Antonie

Picture from april 1927   /  

Even today there are strong ties between Russia and Serbia


The biggest Orthodox Church in Serbia is the Saint Sava Temple, located on the Vračar hill. It is 85 meters high, and 10.000 people can fit inside. It is also a modern day architecture wonder. Interior is still in progress, but already on the dome of the Temple is placed mosaic which is done by the 70 artists from Russia and Serbia. Hopefully the interior will be done by the end of the 2019.

Temple of Saint Sava

Temple on the Vračar hill   /  

Monuments dedicated to Russian people in Belgrade


Some of the most popular monuments dedicated to Russian people in Belgrade are monument dedicated to the last Russian Tzar Nikolai Romanov in Terazije square, monument dedicated to Russian poet Aleksei Sergejevich Pushkin, and momument dedicated to Serbian and Russian soldiers in First world war in Kalemegdan park. Also there is a big monument in the Belgrade New Cemetery dedicated to the fallen Russian soldiers in the First World War, and on a Graveyard of the liberators (World war two).

Statue of Tzar Nikolai Romanov in Belgrade

The monument has been donated by Russia in 2014   /  


Graveyard of the liberators in Belgrade (World war two)

Monument to the Liberators of Belgrade in WW2 and the Monument to the Red Army Soldiers   /  

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